Werner seed company
HARVESTAR ORCHARDGRASS - A productive perennial forage grass, easy to establish and adapted to moderately well drained soils, but will tolerate some flooding. It has moderate heat and drought tolerance. Orchardgrass has similar growth and yield distribution to alfalfa, and it will produce during the hot and dry part of summer when most grasses are dormant. When cut at early stage, Orchardgrass has good feed value (after flowering out, its quality deteriorates). Orchardgrass tolerates repeated harvesting and has rapid re-growth making it a very valuable pasture species. When used with alfalfa for hay, a late variety like Harvestar is needed. Harvestar has improved rust resistance.
1-5#/Acre with Legume
K-32 TALL FESCUE - An easy to establish perennial forage grass adapted to a wide range of soil conditions. Tall Fescue tolerates low fertility, acidic, poorly drained, and droughty soils. The winter hardiness of Tall Fescue is equal to Orchard- grass. It tolerates close grazing and continuous stocking. Yield distribution matches alfalfa, and produces good fall growth. Like most grasses, Tall Fescue responds well to nitrogen fertilizer. Tall Fescue is easily the most overlooked and under utilized forage grass. Endophyte infected tall fescue should be avoided for use with sheep and horses. Our seed lots of K-32 are low endophyte. K-32 is widely adaptable with above average forage yield. 2-8#/Acre with Legume
SMOOTH BROMEGRASS - Smooth Bromegrass is palatable over a wide range of maturity. It is hardy, disease resistant, long-lived, and a high yielder, especially in the spring and early summer. Yield tends to drop off in midsummer and pick up again by early fall. It is a sod former and has a vigorous root system which makes it highly desirable for waterways and conservation projects. It is widely used in mixtures with legumes for pasture, hay, and silage. When used in a pasture mixture, a fast recovery grass such as Orchardgrass should be included to increase grass content. Smooth Bromegrass persists best when rotationally grazed and responds well to nitrogen fertilization.
15#/Acre alone or 3-6#/Acre with Legume
REBOUND BROMEGRASS - Improved variety selected for fast regrowth and high yield
KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS - Kentucky Blue is a very hardy sod forming grass. It tolerates short grazing and is the most common pasture species in continuous and overgrazed pastures. Kentucky Bluegrass is well adapted to a wide range of soils and produces a high quality forage. It does not tolerate high temperatures or drought. It mixes well with birdsfoot trefoil, alsike and white clover. It is recommended for horse pasture because it will recover from stand damage.
CLIMAX TIMOTHY - Timothy is a very hardy cool season bunchgrass grown mostly in mixtures with red clover, alfalfa, trefoil, and other grasses. Timothy is adapted to soils with fine to medium texture that are poorly drained. Timothy will tolerate acid soils but has low tolerance to heat and drought. Timothy, like most grasses, responds well to nitrogen fertilizer. Timothy does not tolerate close grazing or continuous grazing. Yield is good in spring but weak in summer.1-3#/Acre with Legume
MEADOW FESCUE - A high quality, cool season perennial bunchgrass for pasture. Exceptionally good forage quality and palatability. Very winter-hardy and drought tolerant, Meadow Fescue also tolerates moderate wet soil. Will not yield as well as Tall Fescue or Orchardgrass, but works extremely well in managed intensive grazing systems. Does best growth under cooler temperatures. Responds well to nitrogen.
ANNUAL RYEGRASS/ITALIAN RYEGRASS - Ryegrasses are versatile forage species with fast growth, high yield, and excellent feed quality. Italian Ryegrass is not a true annual but will survive in a very mild winter, has excellent seedling vigor, faster growth, and excellent spring and fall growth relative to other ryegrasses. Ryegrasses do best with ample moisture and moderate temperatures. Frost seeding ryegrass with red clover is an excellent way to improve the yield and quality of a pasture, this should be done late winter/early spring on pastures that have been closely grazed the previous season. Ryegrass also makes a good companion crop for alfalfa. Used as a nurse crop, it has several advantages: 1. Higher hay yield than alfalfa alone. 2. Less competitive than oats in wet years. 3. Higher feed value than oats. Ocala is a Southern bred variety with improved heat tolerance.
20-25#/Acre alone or 4-8#/Acre with Legume
PERENNIAL RYEGRASS - Often used as “fast grass” in pasture mix (as the fast-growing perennial ryegrass fades away, the slower to establish long-lived perennials take over). Perennial Ryegrass has vigorous growth habits with very high feed value. It is not winter-hardy this far north. When using in a mix, limit the percentage of Perennial Ryegrass to what you can afford to lose in a hard winter. As with any grass, Nitrogen fertilizer is needed for high yields. Perennial ryegrass can be mixed with red clover for frost seeding in the late winter/early spring time frame. 20-25#/Acre alone or 2-5#/Acre with Legume
REED CANARYGRASS - A very hardy sod-forming grass especially well-suited for permanent hay or pasture on peat or muck soils. It is the forage grass that will best tolerate an extended time under water. Has excellent yield. Seeds well with trefoil and clovers. Use a low alkaloid variety and harvest before heading for best quality. 7#/Acre alone or 2-5#Acre with Legume
GARRISON CREEPING FOXTAIL - Not be confused with, and unrelated to, the foxtail family of weeds, Garrison Creeping Foxtail is a long-lived, high quality forage grass that is well adapted to heavy wet soils and will tolerates standing water for extended periods of time. Garrison Creeping Foxtail has much better palatability compared to Reed Canarygrass and produces well through the summer months. First year seedlings are slow to establish but will fill in to form dense sod by the second or third year. Plants resemble Timothy in appearance. Can be mixed with a legume, such as Alsike.
VIRGINIA WILDRYE - A native cool season grass that is well adapted to many conditions and soils. Often found in moist soils, it also does well under dry conditions. Virginia wildrye has some shade tolerance. Medium height. Useful alone or in mixes, and very palatable as pasture or hay.